72. Protect decisively the human rights of all migrants, avoiding any form of criminalization of migration, and guarantee migrants access to basic social services in education and health, including sexual health and reproductive health

Latest reform date

Assistance to and protection of victims of trafficking is guided by Sections 32-44 of the Trafficking in Persons Act Chap 12:10

Once an individual exhibiting human trafficking indicators is referred to or encountered by officials of the Counter Trafficking Unit, the following steps are taken:

1. The person is screened by an official attached to the CTU who is trained in screening victims of human trafficking. This screening process involves a list of questions that seek to determine if in fact the person was exploited and if so, in what way. These questions also determine whether or not the person, if deemed to be a victim wishes to remain in Trinidad and Tobago or return to his/her home country.
2. It is to be noted that the person being screened is provided with a certified interpreter that speaks the same language as the person being screened. This is to ensure that proper and accurate communication takes place between the person being screened and the CTU official screening the person.
3. In instances where a child is being screened, a victim witness support officer or a social worker is also present to lend further comfort to the child. A victim witness support officer or a social worker is also present for adults in special circumstances.
4. Once the person is deemed to be a victim of human trafficking, that person indicates whether he/she wishes to return home. Regardless of the decision, the CTU offers assistance and protection to the victim until that person is voluntarily repatriated or in the case of a victim who wishes to remain in Trinidad and Tobago, for the duration of the victim’s investigation and court proceedings.
5. The assistance meted out to the victim is guided by sections 32-44 of the Trafficking in Persons Act. On this basis, a victim of human trafficking is provided with the following:
Food, clothing, safe accommodation, access to legal counsel, legal documents as needed, psychological counselling, medical and dental assistance, access to education and skills-based training, assistance with obtaining jobs and opening bank accounts and assistance to return home.

General Objectives

The Counter Trafficking Unit (CTU), was established in 2013 through an Act of Parliament – the Trafficking in Persons (TiPs) Act Chapter 12:10. The CTU is a specialized, multidimensional, civilian led agency under the Ministry of National Security, responsible for the daily operations of the counter trafficking response of the Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.

The Counter Trafficking Unit implements government policies developed by the National Task Force Against Trafficking in Persons (TiPs), conducts effective identification of victims and witnesses, prevention of trafficking, protection and prosecution, all through effective partnerships.

The CTU screens and interviews persons to identify possible victims of trafficking (VoTs). The victims are then referred to appropriate agencies for support and care.

Specially trained and positively vetted Police Officers working in the CTU gather evidence, investigate and prosecute Human Trafficking cases.

In keeping with the CTU’s public education mandate, the unit also delivers training to their many stakeholders and partners, as well as collaborate with local, regional and international organizations, NGOs, churches and faith-based organizations, as well as the media to educate and warn the public on how to recognize Human Trafficking.

Trinidad and Tobago, Migrants
Topics / Chapters
F. International migration
Main Priority Measure