The goals and indicators must take into account the particular situation of indigenous and Afro-descendent boys, girls, adolescents and young people, pursuant to priority measure 89 (combating violence, in the chapter on indigenous peoples) and priority measure 93 (overlapping dimensions of racial, gender and generational inequalities, in the chapter on Afro-descendent persons). Special attention must also be paid to boys, girls, adolescents and young people with some type of disability. The relative frequency indices may be recorded as occurrences during a reference period or as cumulative percentages. Calculating these will require precise definitions of what constitutes violence (possibly including distinctions between degrees of violence). In this case, self-declaration in surveys is preferable as a source to police reports or legal records. Indicators should be disaggregated at least by sex, five-year age group, socioeconomic condition, area of residence and ethnicity.
Possible lines of action
1. Design and implement intersectoral strategies against violence of all types, in particular against girls, boys, adolescents and young people. 2. Implement comprehensive education against violence. 3. Develop courses on harmonious coexistence, good treatment and gender equity in schools. 4. Establish rules for peaceful coexistence within schools, as well as plans for proper treatment among management, teaching staff and students. 5. Promote programmes to prevent youth violence and gender-based violence. 6. Institute programmes of psychosocial and judicial support for girls, boys, adolescents and young people who have suffered violence. 7. Design and implement strategies for communication and social mobilization against violence and in favour of peaceful settlement of disputes. 8. Design and implement policies for the economic and social inclusion of youth, with a particular emphasis on young people at risk and in vulnerable situations. 9. Implement, with the support of parents and community leaders, extracurricular programmes for the use of free time. 10. Strengthen the institutions of the justice system so as to reduce impunity in cases of violence against girls, boys, adolescents and young people. 11. Promote family assistance and support for girls, boys, adolescents and young people, including the involvement of fathers in child-rearing.
Related instruments, forums and mechanisms
Sustainable Development Goals, target 16.2 (“End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence and torture against children”).
Convention on the Rights of the Child, articles 3 and 8, inter alia.
Ibero-American Convention on the Rights of Youth, articles 4 and 11.
Also relevant is the follow-up mechanism of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Violence against Women, as it relates to girls, adolescents and young women. The same holds for the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women (Convention of Belém do Pará 1994) and the Follow-up Mechanism to the Convention of Belém do Pará (MESECVI).