This priority measure is related to priority measures 78, 79 and 81 of this chapter. The indicators of this priority measure should be disaggregated by geographical area, whether by centre of population or by minor administrative division, and by urban and rural areas.
This measure must take account of the particular situation of indigenous peoples and Afro-descendants, and thereby complement priority measure 88 on the territorial rights of indigenous peoples and priority measure 96 on affirmative action policies for the development of Afro-descendent populations.
Minor administrative division is understood to mean the smallest administrative division in each country.
Possible lines of action
1. Design programmes to guarantee basic services (drinking water, sewerage and sanitation, electricity) in all territories. 2. Design health policies and programmes that include universal health coverage, access to good-quality essential health services, and access to medicines and vaccines. 3. Design inclusive, equitable and good-quality education policies and programmes in all territories. 4. Design housing policies that will improve housing quality and promote construction of new dwellings, recognizing that the type of housing option must be adequate to needs of everyone everywhere. 5. Design policies and programmes to expand and improve public spaces in all territories, with special regard to older persons, persons with disabilities, children and women. 6. Institute programmes for the formalization and comprehensive improvement of neighbourhoods, with special attention to slums and depressed areas. 7. Prepare land-use policies that help to discourage real estate speculation.
Related instruments, forums and mechanisms
This priority measure finds support in HABITAT III; the Santiago Declaration of MINURVI; and a number of paragraphs of the outcome document of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, “The Future We Want”.
With regard to the Sustainable Development Goals, the measure is related to Goal 3 (“Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages”), target 3.8 (“Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health care services, and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all”), target 6.1 (“By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all”), target 6.2 ( “By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all, and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations”), Goal 10 (“Reduce inequality within and among countries”), target 10.2 (“By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status”), Goal 11 (“Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”), target 11.1: (“By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services, and upgrade slums”), target 11.3 (“By 2030 enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacities for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries”), and target 11.a (“Support positive economic, social and environmental links in urban, periurban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning”).