Percentage of energy generated through sustainable, clean and renewable production processes.


Ratio between: (i) numerator: consumption and production of sustainable, clean and renewable energies, and (ii) denominator: total final energy supply and production. The percentage of sustainable, clean and renewable sources of electricity is that generated from renewable energies divided by total electricity use.

Energy use is measured in terms of heat content based on specific net calorific values (NCV).


It was suggested that this indicator be disaggregated at the level of major administrative divisions (MAD).

This indicator considers non-conventional renewable energy (NCRE).

The original wording of the indicator was altered following a suggestion to express it in a general way so as to include other forms of energy generation.

This indicator measures the percentage of renewable energy sources in TPES, TFC, and in power generation and generation capacity.

Renewable energy sources include both combustible and non-combustible materials.

Shortcomings of the indicator: In some developing countries, the difficulty of obtaining data on certain renewable sources can be a limitation.

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Priority Measures

A.5 - Sustainable development for human well-being

Pursue sustainable development as a means of securing now and in the future human well-being for all peoples on an equitable basis, and ensuring that the linkages between population, resources, the environment and development are fully recognized, appropriately administered and maintained in a harmonious and dynamic balance with a thriving biodiversity and healthy ecosystems

G.76 - Territorial management

Develop more closely coordinated, integrated and cohesive territories by designing and executing territorial and urban management plans, policies and instruments, administered in a participatory manner and based on a people-centred approach with a gender and human rights perspective and a vision of sustainability and environmental risk management.

G.77 - Territories promoting the development and well-being of people

Promote the development and well-being of people in all territories without any form of discrimination, and provide full access to basic social services and equal opportunities for populations whether they live in urban or rural areas, in small, intermediate or large cities or in isolated areas or small rural settlements.

G.80 - Land use planning and environmental sustainability

Formulate development strategies for city systems to encompass territorial planning and environmental sustainability, promoting energy transition and sustainable production and consumption processes, taking into consideration social and environmental externalities, within a human rights framework, in order to promote sustainable and inclusive urban development, and strengthen all segments of such systems, including intermediate and small cities.

G.83 - Natural resources

Promote inclusive development of natural resources, avoiding the social and environmental damage that this may cause.
G. Territory and internal migration