Gender equality

Gender equality

Region countries have Instruments on E. Gender equality

Policies and instruments

Women's autonomy (economic, physical and decision-making) is not only a prerequisite for ensuring the full exercise of their rights but also for attaining sustainable development. Although the region has made strides in implementing the Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women (Beijing, 1995), this progress has been marked by disparities, inconsistencies, and variations across different domains. Also, substantial challenges still persist, necessitating ongoing investments and public policies aimed at addressing issues such as gender discrimination in the labor market, the sexual division of labor, violence against women, their social protection, and their sexual and reproductive health, among others.

The chapter on gender equality of the Montevideo Consensus on Population and Development contains the highest number of priority actions (totaling 19), reflecting the great concern and rigorous debate on this issue in specialized forums at both the global and regional levels, such as the follow-up meetings of the World Conference on Women and the Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Priority Measures

  • E.47 - Institutional mechanisms for women's autonomy and gender equality

    Fulfil the commitment to strengthen institutional machineries in order to build development policies with equality that will guarantee the autonomy of women and gender equality, and give these machineries the autonomy and the necessary human and financial resources to enable them to have a cross-cutting impact on the structure of the State, recognizing the strategic role that they play and establishing them at the highest level.
  • E.50 - Public policies with a gender perspective

    Fulfil the commitment to promote and ensure gender mainstreaming and its intersection with perspectives on race, ethnicity, age, social class and disability status in all public policies, especially in economic and cultural policies, and coordination between branches of government and social stakeholders, including organizations of young, Afro-descendent or indigenous women, to ensure gender equality.
  • E.53 - Policies and care services

    Develop and strengthen policies and universal care services based on the highest human rights standards, from a gender equality and intergenerational perspective, in order to share the delivery of services between the State, the private sector, civil society, families and households and between men and women and facilitate dialogue and coordination between all the parties involved.
  • E.54 - Labor equality

    Promote legislation and design and strengthen public policies on equality in the labour market in order to eliminate gender discrimination and asymmetries in relation to access to decent employment, job security, wages and decision-making on labour issues, as well as to recognize the productive value of unpaid domestic work and care work.
  • E.57 - Eradication of all forms of violence

    Enforce existing policies and adopt, on the one hand, preventative and punitive measures, and on the other measures for protecting and caring for women in order to eradicate all forms of violence, including forced sterilization and stigma against women in public and private spheres and especially the gender-motivated violent murder of girls and women, and ensure effective and universal access to fundamental services for all victims and survivors of gender-based violence, with special attention to women in high-risk situations, such as older women, pregnant women, women with disabilities, culturally diverse groups, sex workers, women living with HIV/AIDS, lesbian, bisexual and transgender women, Afro-descendent, indigenous and migrant women, women living in border areas, asylum-seekers and victims of trafficking.
  • E.58 - Justice with a gender perspective

    Reaffirm the commitment and political will of Latin America and the Caribbean, at the highest level, to combat and eliminate all forms of discrimination and violence against women, including domestic violence and femicide/feminicide, and actively promote awareness-raising regarding gender mainstreaming among law enforcement personnel.
  • E.59 - New masculinity

    Broaden the access available to men, including boys, adolescents and young men, to sexual and reproductive health-related information, counselling and services and promote the equal participation of men in care work through programmes for raising men’s awareness of gender equality, and foster the development of new masculinities.
  • E.61 - Domestic work

    Ensure the sharing of responsibility between the State, the private sector, the community, families, women and men for unpaid domestic and care work, incorporating care into social protection systems through allowances, services and benefits that maximize women’s autonomy and guarantee their rights, dignity, well-being and enjoyment of free time.
  • E.63 - Gender statistics

    Strengthen the capacity of countries to prepare and disseminate the gender statistics needed for the formulation of public policies on gender equality and the empowerment of women.
  • E.65 - Specialized care in cases of violence

    Implement, with the support of available technologies, multisectoral, comprehensive, integrated, coordinated, interdisciplinary and accessible services, programmes and actions targeting women that are sustainable at all levels, include specialized and confidential care in cases of violence, have sufficient resources available and that bring together sectors such as the police, the judiciary, medical and psychological services and evaluation, including sexual and reproductive health services, as well as opportunities for training and generating earnings, with a view to promoting women’s autonomy in all its forms.