D.33 - Guarantee sexual and reproductive health and rights

D.33 - Guarantee sexual and reproductive health and rights
Promote, protect and guarantee sexual health and rights and reproductive rights in order to contribute to the fulfilment of persons and to social justice in a society free from all forms of discrimination and violence.
Priority measure number


This broad measure seeks to create conditions to promote, protect and guarantee the exercise of sexual and reproductive rights and to ensure full access to sexual and reproductive health services. These conditions have to do with the development of regulatory frameworks, the creation or strengthening of service networks of varying complexity and quality, for all people and throughout the national territory, the development of care models within primary health care, the availability of trained human resources, the assurance of financial resources, and the development of information systems.

This foregoing can be achieved through other priority measures of the Montevideo Consensus on Population and Development, in particular those contained in this chapter D, those specific to adolescents and young people in chapter B (priority measures 11, 12, 14 and 15), those relating to gender equality in chapter E (priority measure 59), to migrants in chapter F (priority measure 72), to indigenous peoples in chapter H (priority measure 87) and to Afro-descendants in chapter I (priority measure 95). It also relates to the priority measures of chapter J (priority measures 99 to 108), which set the framework for implementing the regional population and development agenda and address the development and strengthening of information sources for monitoring, training and the mobilization of funding.

Related instruments, forums and mechanisms

This priority measure, and chapter D in general, also relate directly to various international instruments and mechanisms such as follow-up to the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform of Action and their subsequent developments, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals, the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention (No. 169) of ILO, the outcome of the high-level plenary meeting of the General Assembly known as the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples, the Report of the Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Follow-Up Mechanism to the Convention of Belém do Pará (MESECVI) on violence against women and the Commission on the Status of Women.

As well, this priority measure relates to other agreements contained in various consensus documents of the Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean, the Santo Domingo Consensus (2013) (“Promote, protect and guarantee the complete fulfilment of the sexual rights and reproductive rights of women of all population groups throughout the life cycle by implementing laws, policies, rules, regulations and programmes incorporated into national and subnational budgets, insofar as physical autonomy is a fundamental dimension of women’s empowerment and their participation in the information and knowledge society on an equal basis”); agreement 6.a of the Brasilia Consensus (2010) (“To guarantee the conditions and resources for the protection and exercise of women’s sexual and reproductive rights throughout the lifecycle and across population groups, free of all forms of discrimination, based on the integrated approach promoted in the programme of action of the International Conference on Population and Development”); and agreement xxiv of the Quito Consensus (2007) (“To ensure that sexual and reproductive rights which are human rights and that universal access to comprehensive health care, which includes sexual and reproductive health care, are considered to be an essential condition for guaranteeing women’s participation in political affairs and in paid work and, hence, in decision-making positions for all women and, as a matter of priority, for young women, the poorest women, indigenous women, Afro-descendent women, rural women and women with disabilities”).

D. Sexual and reproductive health