Number (and relative share) of unaccompanied children and adolescents among migrants.


Anyone under 18 years of age who is separated from both parents and is not under the care of any adult who is responsible for them by law or custom (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, (UNHCR), as well as those who are left alone after entering a country. Children and adolescents in this situation are recognized as unaccompanied foreign minors (UAM).

Their relative presence is calculated on the basis of the populations of nationals of the respective age group of the country of origin, per 100,000 children aged under 18 years.


This indicator should be calculated on a provisional basis in each country, with a view to fine-tuning it, to make it regionally comparable. This clarification is needed since the countries of the region have not agreed on care protocols (fifth meeting on Migration of CELAC, Santiago, November 2016) although the Regional Conference on Migration (RCM) has developed guidelines in successive versions (see [online] http://www.rcmvs.org/Publicaciones/Publicaciones.htm). Several countries have acceded to the reports of the Homeland Security of the United States, and institutions such as the National Institute of Migration (INAMI) in Mexico are releasing information. Must be calculated annually.

Priority Measures

B.8 - Mechanisms for effective participation

Guarantee also the existence of mechanisms for the effective participation, without any form of discrimination, of adolescents and young people in public debate, in decision-making and in all policy and programme phases, in particular on matters that affect them directly, and strengthen institutional mechanisms for youth.

B.9 - Full and satisfying youth

Invest in youth, through specific public policies and differentiated access, especially through the provision, without discrimination, of universal, free, public, secular, high-quality, intercultural education in order to ensure that this stage of life is full and satisfactory, to enable them to develop as autonomous individuals with a sense of responsibility and solidarity and with the ability to tackle creatively the challenges of the twenty-first century.

B.10 - Policies and programs for youth

Promote and invest in labour and employment policies and special training programmes for youth to boost personal and collective capabilities and initiative and to enable them to reconcile studies and work activities, without precarious working conditions and guaranteeing equal opportunities and treatment.

F.72 - Decriminalize migration

Protect decisively the human rights of all migrants, avoiding any form of criminalization of migration, and guarantee migrants access to basic social services in education and health, including sexual health and reproductive health, where appropriate, regardless of their migration status, with special attention to highly vulnerable groups, including unaccompanied minors, displaced persons in an irregular situation, women who are victims of violence, victims of trafficking, returnees and forcibly displaced asylum-seekers.
F. International migration