Percentage of women and men aged 20-24 years who had their first child before the age of 20 years disaggregated into three groups: before the age of 15, before the age of 18 and before the age of 20.


Ratio between the male and female population aged 20 to 24 years who had their first child before 15, before 18 and before 20, and the male and female population aged 20 to 24 years (three ratios), multiplied by 100.


Historically available sources have focused on women. There are few examples of sources that have included men and, for that reason, the disaggregation is included in the indicator itself, since there are no technical impediments to including men. The focus is on adolescent —rather than youth— parenthood because it is a matter of concern in the region (and in the Montevideo Consensus). The particular age disaggregation included in this indicator is necessary because of the age-differentiated risk exposure of parenthood. The percentages are cumulative, in other words, the proportion of those with children at age 18 includes those who had children by age 15.

Priority Measures

B.12 - Sexual health and reproductive health

Implement comprehensive, timely, good-quality sexual health and reproductive health programmes for adolescents and young people, including youth-friendly sexual health and reproductive health services with a gender, human rights, intergenerational and intercultural perspective, which guarantee access to safe and effective modern contraceptive methods, respecting the principles of confidentiality and privacy, to enable adolescents and young people to exercise their sexual rights and reproductive rights, to have a responsible, pleasurable and healthy sex life, avoid early and unwanted pregnancies, the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, and to take free, informed and responsible decisions regarding their sexual and reproductive life and the exercise of their sexual orientation.

H.85 - Indigenous peoples rights

Respect and implement the provisions of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Convention No. 169 of the International Labour Organization on indigenous and tribal peoples —and call on those countries that have not already done so to sign it and ratify it— adapting legal frameworks and formulating the policies necessary for their implementation, with the full participation of these peoples, including indigenous peoples that live in cities.

H.87 - Traditional medicine and indigenous health practices.

Guarantee indigenous peoples’ right to health, including sexual rights and reproductive rights, and their right to their own traditional medicines and health practices, especially as regards reducing maternal and child mortality considering their socio-territorial and cultural specificities as well as the structural factors that hinder the exercise of this right.

I.95 - Right to health in Afro-descendant people

Ensure that Afro-descendent persons, in particular Afro-descendent girls, adolescents and women, can exercise the right to health, especially the right to sexual health and reproductive health, taking into account the specific socioterritorial and cultural features and the structural factors, such as racism, that hinder the exercise of their rights.
B. Girls, boys, adolescents and youth